Remote Sensing and GIS is a relatively young scientific discipline and is an area of emerging technology which has witnessed phenomenal growth over last three decades. In the recent past, there has been tremendous development in the field of Remote Sensing data collection, analysis and utilization.
Uses of Remote Sensing & GIS range from indigenous people, communities, research institutions, environmental scientists, health organisations, land use planners, businesses, and government agencies at all levels.
India being the pioneer in Space application during the current times, Remote Sensing & GIS has also been blooming to the next level in "Digital India". Since two decades, India has contributed a lot in the knowledge development, enhancement and sharing in Remote Sensing and GIS Technology.
Many Educational Institutions initiated academic disciplines/professional courses as Forestry (green cover estimation), Geology (mineral maps), Agriculture (crop disease estimation), RS & GIS in Satellite Technology, Engineering, Urban planning, etc. RS & GIS technology is widely being used in various projects on disaster management, urban planning, etc.
The digital data handling led to the development of GIS (Geographical Information System) followed by another innovation of GPS (Global Positing System). Remote Sensing coupled with GIS and GPS techniques has dramatically enhanced human capability for resources exploration, mapping and monitoring on local and global scale.